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Frequently asked questions

The Government is addressing this under three major points;

1. Institutional strengthening

Policies, upgrade of the Department thus increasing its capacity as the DNA, sectorial streamlined plans of action in MDAs through the ICCC

2. Capacity building

Public awareness programmes, training of stakeholders as well as beneficiaries both locally and internationally

3. Execution of projects

GHG inventory system, CDM projects, largest gas gathering programme in Africa (LNG), mandatory reduction of emissions by 20% of JVs

Since the UNFCCC entered into force in 1994, Nigeria has participated in at each of its sessions to discuss ways to address the global challenge of climate change, and to take stock of national and international progress to effectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Notably, government officials represent Nigeria’s interests and contribute their expertise on various climate change issues with the view of establishing a fair, environmentally effective and comprehensive global climate change regime.

Under the Convention, Nigeria is required to:

  • Provide data on greenhouse gas emissions on an annual basis;
  • Submit national communications periodically, reporting on progress in reducing its net greenhouse gas emissions;
  • Enact policies and measures to address greenhouse gases;
  • Provide financial and technological resources to developing country Parties to help them address climate change; and
  • Conduct systematic observations of the climate system and research on climate change and its impacts.

The United Nations Climate Change meetings are open to Parties to the UNFCCC, observer states, United Nations bodies and agencies, and non-governmental organizations that have been formally admitted as observers. Accredited media can also attend.

The UNFCCC is an international treaty that sets out an overall framework for intergovernmental efforts to tackle the challenges posed by climate change.  The Convention’s ultimate objective is to stabilize atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases at a level that would prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system.

The Convention, which entered into force on March 21, 1994, has near universal membership, with 195 ratifying Parties (194 countries and one regional organization, the European Union).

Under the Convention, governments:

  • Gather and share information on greenhouse gas emissions, national policies and best practices;
  • Launch national strategies for addressing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to expected impacts, including the provision of financial and technological support to developing countries ; and
  • Cooperate in adapting to the negative impacts of climate change.

For more information, visit the UNFCCC website.

The COP stands for the Conference of the Parties. The COP is the supreme body of the UNFCCC. It currently meets once a year to review the Convention’s progress and establish the rules of its implementation.

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